Effects of functional diversity on evapotranspiration rate: an annual analysis of three Chilean temperate forests
There is a link between the diversity of forest ecosystems and the evapotranspiration (ET) ecosystem process. However, there is little knowledge of this link in temperate forests of southern South America. Given the influence of ET in relevant ecosystem services, such as hydrological or climatic regulation, it is important to understand the effect of the change in species composition on this process. The objective of this research was to determine the relationship between functional diversity and the seasonal variation of ET using three native forest ecosystems that differ in structure, composition of dominant species and proportion of phenological strategies as a study model. The general pattern shows that there is a significant negative relationship between the community weighted average of the specific leaf area attribute; CWM-SLA and the ET process. We found seasonal changes in ET in the three ecosystems, which was greater in spring-summer. There is a positive relationship between the percentage of evergreen species in the canopy and total annual ET of each ecosystem. This would explain the negative relationship between CWM-SLA and ET, since the ecosystem with the highest proportion of evergreen species corresponds to the one with the lowest CWM-SLA. The results of this study contribute to giving relevance to the functional diversity of native forest ecosystems over a crucial ecosystem process for the provision of various ecosystem services. Subsequent studies could assess the effect of the loss of functional diversity on ecosystem processes in order to relieve the need to conserve and/or restore the native forest from this perspective.
Copyright (c) 2019 Jocelyn Alejandra Esquivel San Martín, Aníbal Pauchard, Alfredo Saldaña
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
- The articles in this journal are published under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories, on their website or ResearchGate) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).